In this post we are going to describe on **Arithmetic Operators in Python**.

Before going to Arithmetic Operators let’s know What is a Operator in Python and then we will learn what is Arithmetic Operator.

**Operator in Python**:

Operators are used to perform operations on Operand.

Example:

a + b = 5

Here a and b are **operands **and the **operation **is the mathematical operation which is addition of two numbers. Now Let’s discuss about Arithmetic Operators in detail.

**Arithmetic Operator in Python**:

Arithmetic Operators are used to perform mathematical operations such as **addition, subtraction, Multiplication, Division, Modulus and exponential** .

**Addition Operation**(+)

Adds two operands.

Example: 2 + 3

Here operator is “+” and operands are 2 & 3.

The result after Addition Operations will be “5”.

**Subtractions Operation**(-)

It subtracts two operands.

Example: 5 – 3

Here operator is “-” and operands are 5 & 3.

The result after Substraction Opeartions will be “2”.

**Multiplication Operation**(*)

It multiplies two operands.

Example: 6 * 5

Here operator is “*” and operands are 6 & 5.

The result after Multiplication operation will be “30”.

**Division Operation**(/)

It divides the first operand by the second.

Example : 6 / 2

Here operator is “/” and operands are 6 & 2.

The result after Division operation will be “3”.

**Modulus Operation**(%)

It returns the remainder when 1st operand is divided by the 2nd.

Example : 6 % 2

Here operator is “%” and operands are 6 & 2.

The result after modulus operation will be “0”.

**Exponential(Power) Operation**(**)

Example : 3 ** 2

3 to the power 2. t means 3 is multiplied 2 times.that is 3 * 3.

Here operator is “**” and operands are 3 & 2.

The result after exponential operation will be “9”.

Now let’s do the coding to perform the above mathematical operations.

#We have taken example of 2 operands l & m to perform arithmetic operations

#l is the variable which assigned the value 4

l = 4

#m is another variable which assigned the value 2

m = 2

#Add two operands

sum = l + m

print(“Sum of l and m is “, sum)

# Subtract the operand(l) from the operand(m)

sub = l – m

print(“subtraction of l and m is “, sum)

# Multiply operands

mult = l * m

print(“Multiplication l and m is “, mult)

# Divide the operand(l) by the operand(m)

div = l / m

print(“Division of l and m is “, div)

# Find modulus of 2 opearands l & m

mod = l % m

print(“modulus/remainder of l and m is “, mod)

# Exponential/power. l to the power m

exp = l**m

print(“l to the power m is “, exp)

In the above program the comment section which is written in # will be helpful for you as i have added the necessary details and it’s a good practice to write comments in programs.

After executing the above program the output will be as below.

I am using IDLE to write and execute the python programs. You can use any preferred editor and execute the program.

I hope this post will be helpful for you.

Happy Blogging!

## Geri Newton

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